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First-Year Effects of Oregon's Early Indicator and Intervention System


Description: In 2016, Oregon voters passed a ballot measure aimed at improving the state's graduation rate, which was among the lowest in the nation. As a result, many districts received funding for an early warning system called the Oregon Early Indicator and Intervention System (EIIS). The EIIS requires districts to collect individual student data to generate and report indicators of on-track status for graduation, including attendance, behavior, and course performance. When a student falls below the on-track threshold in one or more of these areas, a team of school staff members intervenes with the student to help them improve their performance.

Conducted at the request of the Oregon Department of Education, this study will examine whether the EIIS is supporting improvements in student attendance, behavior, and course performance outcomes and which school districts are showing early signs of success with the program. The department will use the results of the study to improve the system and the coaching that is provided to districts.

Research Questions:

  1. In Oregon, did implementing the EIIS during the 2018/19 school year improve student attendance, behavior, and achievement outcomes as compared to the business-as-usual condition or other initiatives implemented around the same time?
  2. Does the effect of EIIS on student outcomes during the 2018/19 school year vary by whether schools access the EIIS reports more or less often?
  3. What are the differences across participating districts in the threshold indicators chosen to measure whether a student is at risk? What is the frequency of changes to those threshold indicators throughout the first implementation year? What are the differences in consistency, frequency, and timing of data usage across the participating schools?

Study Design: The study team will use a comparative interruptive time series design to evaluate the effects of the EIIS during the first year of implementation.

Researchers will use aggregate school-, district-, and grade-level data on student demographics, attendance, behavior, course performance, state test scores, and graduation rates along with measures of district and school size, location, and whether the school is rural, urban, or suburban. These data will be collected from the Oregon Department of Education and the U.S. Department of Education's Common Core of Data. In addition, the study will draw from the Oregon Data Suite to collect district-level data on EIIS thresholds for attendance, behavior, and course performance, as well as frequency of EIIS data pulled by each participating school and district.

Projected Release Date: Fall 2021

Partnership or Research Alliance: Oregon Graduation and Postsecondary Success Alliance

Related Products: Making an Impact report

Principal Investigators & Affiliation:
Pei Zhu and Susan Sepanik, MDRC
Sarah Frazelle, REL Northwest at Education Northwest