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Supporting Your Child's Reading at Home

Supporting Your Child’s Reading at Home

First Grade: Recommendation 4: Reading for Understanding

Support your child in reading accurately, at a conversational pace, and with expression so they understand what they read.

Accurate and Efficient Word Identification

word identification

As your child moves through first grade and continues to learn to read, it won't be long before he or she is reading sentences, paragraphs, and books! As your child practices reading out loud, it is important to help him or her to read words correctly and quickly. When children read words accurately, it helps them understand what they are reading, and as children practice reading, they read words more efficiently by increasing accuracy and rate. When children can read words correctly and fairly quickly, they can focus their attention on understanding what they are reading instead of trying to identify each word.

There are two important things families can do to help their child read words correctly and quickly.

  1. Read out loud to your child every single day! Reading to your child can be a special time to spend together. It will show him or her that reading is important and fun! Reading aloud will help your child understand what reading should sound like, and provides a model of how to read words correctly, quickly, and with expression! Reading with the right expression means that you are talking like the characters in the book--your voice sounds excited when the character is excited or sad when the character is sad.
  2. Encourage and help your child as he or she reads out loud. You may need to help your child when she or he comes to a word that is difficult to read. You might provide a reminder by saying, "Let's say each sound in this word and then put the sounds together to read it." Any reminder that encourages your child to use what he or she already knows to figure out the word can be helpful. Sometimes, showing your child how to say each sound and then read the word may be helpful. As you read with your child, remember to be patient as reading is a skill that takes a lot of practice. Be sure to let your child know that you are proud of his or her progress! The support and encouragement you give your child will help him or her improve in reading and become an independent reader.

When choosing books for your child to read out loud, select books that are of interest to your child, are not too easy or too hard, and are linked to his or her experiences or concerns. For instance, if your child is interested in cars or is afraid of the dark, it can be helpful to select books on those topics.

When I Read to You (Tacky the Penguin)

Key Points About the Video

  • Mom reads at a conversational pace, or at the same rate that we talk.
  • Mom reads with expression, changing the tone of her voice to match the characters feelings in the book.
  • Mom asks questions and talks about the meanings of words that are important to know to understand the story (companion, odd, greet, graceful, puzzled, dreadfully).

When You Read to Me (Sheep Out to Eat)

Key Points About the Video

  • Mom encourages her son to point to the words as he reads.
  • Mom helps her son read the word spinach by reading it for him because it is a word he has not read before.
  • Mom asks about the meanings of words (feed, waiter).
  • Mom asks questions to make sure her son is understanding what he is reading.

When I Read to You, When You Read to Me Bookmark
On one side of this bookmark are tips to use as you read out loud to your child. On the other side are tips for when your child reads out loud to you.

Books to Share

A list of suggested books that you can read to your child to model reading words correctly, at a conversational pace, and with expression.

  • Fly Guy Book Series by Tedd Arnold
  • Green Eggs and Ham by Dr. Seuss
  • The Magic Treehouse Series by Mary Pope Osborne:
  • Pete the Cat Series by James Dean

Recognizing Misread Words and Correcting Errors

correcting errors

Experienced readers know when what they are reading does not make sense because they have misread a word. Once they realize they misread a word, experienced readers can correct their mistake. Students are still beginning readers in first grade, and beginning readers don't always notice when they misread a word because they don't always pay attention to what they are reading. So, it is important to show children how to recognize misread words when they read. A reader should think about what he or she is reading and decide whether it makes sense or not, that is, self-monitor. We also need to show children how to self-correct when they misread a word. Improving the ability to self-monitor and self-correct will help children understand what they read and become better readers.

Families can help children monitor what they read and make corrections when words are misread. As you read to your child, you can provide examples of how to recognize when words are misread by "thinking out loud." You can say things like, "That didn't make sense. I'm going to read that sentence again." When your child reads to you and misreads a word, ask her to stop and see if she can correct the error. If not, reread the sentence with the missed word exactly how your child read it and ask, "Did that make sense?" If your child does not self-correct, read the word and have her reread it. Then have her read the sentence correctly.

Does That Make Sense?

Key Points About the Video

  • Mom reminds her son that everyone makes mistakes and she will help him fix any mistakes.
  • Mom asks her son to reread the word he missed (eat) correctly and then read the whole sentence again for another opportunity to practice.
  • Mom makes sure what her son read makes sense to him by ensuring each word was read correctly and asking him questions about what he read.

Does That Make Sense?
Help your child pay attention to what they read and self-correct when a word is misread.

Books to Share

A list of suggested books for your child to read out loud to you while you help your child recognize and correct misread words.

  • Click, Clack, Moo: Cows That Type by Doreen Cronin
  • Frog and Toad Series by Arnold Lobel
  • If You Give a Moose a Muffin by Laura Joffe Numeroff
  • Splat the Cat Series by Rob Scotton
  • The Very Hungry Caterpillar by Eric Carle

Oral Reading Practice

oral reading practice

Oral reading practice is when children read out loud. It is very important that students in first grade have many opportunities for oral reading practice. As children read out loud, it is important to have a more proficient reader that listens and offers help when needed. As children read out loud, they get better at reading words correctly, quickly, and with the right expression (fluently). Reading words quickly means reading them at the same pace in which we talk. When you read with the right expression, you understand what commas, periods, and question marks mean. Reading with expression shows that you understand what you read when you, for example, change your voice to be excited when a character is excited. When children read fluently, they can focus their attention on understanding what they read, rather than trying to figure out how to read the words. The more children practice reading out loud with support, the better readers they will become!

There are many ways to support your child in oral reading practice. You can echo read and read together.

  1. Echo reading means the more proficient reader reads part of a book out loud and then the child reads the same part out loud. Thus, the child echoes what you read. As you echo read with your child, make sure that he or she follows along while you read by looking at the words as you read them. Your child should point to the words as he or she reads the same thing you read. This is to make sure your child is paying attention to the words and not just repeating what you say.
  2. Reading together means you and your child read the same thing out loud at the same time. When you read at the same time, make sure your child follows along by pointing to each word. You can slow your pace of reading down a little when you read at the same time. Always offer positive encouragement and let your child know how proud you are because he or she is practicing reading.

The encouragement and support children receive as they read out loud will help them become more fluent and confident readers. Be patient as children learn to read and remind them often of how proud you are of them for practicing reading.

Echo Reading (Sheep in a Jeep)

Key Points About the Video

  • Mom reads at a conversational pace and with expression to model fluent reading.
  • Mom encourages her son to point to the words as he reads and reviews words (leap, tug, shrug, heap) to make sure he understand what they are reading.
  • Mom tells her son she is proud of him for practicing reading.

Reading Together (The Pout-Pout Fish)

Key Points About the Video

  • Mom points to the words as she and her son read together.
  • Mom asks about and explains important words (pout, frown, glum) to build vocabulary and make sure her son understands what they are reading.
  • Mom offers positive support by having fun with the book and telling her son he did a good job reading.

Practice Reading Out Loud Bookmark
Use this bookmark as a reminder of the importance of reading every day with children. One side of the bookmark describes Echo Reading and the other side describes Reading Together.

Books to Share

A list of suggested books for your child to read out loud to you as you Echo Read and Read Together.

  • Corduroy by Don Freeman
  • Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day by Judith Viorst
  • If You Give a Mouse a Cookie by Laura Joffe Numeroff
  • You Read to Me, I'll Read to You: Very Short Fairy Tales to Read Together by Mary Ann Hoberman
  • There Was an Old Lady Who Swallowed Fly Guy by Tedd Arnold

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